Al Hadb - Hadban

(En attendant de vous faire une traduction, je post cet article très intéressant en anglais)

ARABIAN STRAINS
Their Origins and Modern Descendants
by Judith Forbis

Al Hadb - Hadban
(Hadban, Hedban, etc.)

 Hadban - (masculine form)
Hadbah -  (feminine form)
Al Hadb - (plural)

The following  is taken from the book, "Authentic Arabian Bloodstock," by Judith Forbis and is published here through the
generosity of the author.  For an extensive understanding of the subject, it is suggested that the book is read in it's entirety.
                It is also one of the most valuable books on Arabian Horses for your library.

The Hadban are listed as the fourth preference among all the horse strains meticulously described in the Abbas Pasha manuscript.

The Hadban are a substrain of Kuhaylan, but in modern day they tend more to the Saklawi in type. 

The Hadban are a great "blending" strain.  Some of the most renowned breeding stallions in modern Egypt have come from this strain, (e.g., Ibn Rabdan, Nazeer, Aswan).

The Dafeer tribe were prominent breeders of this strain.  The origin traces to the ancient tribe of Beni Lam.

The name derives from a mare of the Beni Lam.  The mare had a profusely long mane which covered her forehead completely (hadba salifa) and for that reason she was called Hadba.  And the strain was named after her.

GENERALIZATION OF CHARACTERISTICS :
Most distinguishing characterisitics:  handsome and elegant.  Great endurance and strength are among the Hadban trademarks.  They are very good all around horses, having perhaps the finest blood to produce cavalry horses as well as excellent race horses. 

HEADS :  Can be somewhat boney and straight in profile.  Pyramidical in shape.  Very wide across the forehead and between the jowls.  Relatively short skull.  Eyes large and lustrous.  Nostrils large and well-shaped.  Ears relatively small.

NECK :  Relatively long but in balance with body.  Mascular, yet refined.  Set on more upright than the Kuhaylan. 

GENERAL CONFORMATION :  Long, deep shoulders, deep chest.  Hindquarters may tend to be light in comparison to the forehand.  Relatively long back, short croup, good hips.  Fine bone and clean joints.  This strain harmonizes well with all families because it is not extreme in itself.

THE STRAIN OF HADBAN ENZAHI
Aly Bey Shamashirgi learned the following about the Hadban Enzahi strain:

"Shabat Al Mani' of Al Suwayt, and he is advanced in age and Ali Mani, the son of the brother of Shabat, attended the gathering and were questioned in the presence of Sultan ibn-Suwayt and a large number of people. 

"Tell us about their origin and what was their strain, and from where they came." 

The above-mentioned replied that Mani' was at the time of Beni Lam, who is from our grandfathers.  And we don't know how she passed to Mani'.  But we have heard and know from our old people that there is no Hadbah but the horses of Mani'.  And she is Kuhaylan om-Maarif.  And the reason for calling her Hadbah at Mani' was because he had a mare with a profusely long mane which covred her forehand completely [hadbah salifa].  And for that reason she was called Hadbah.  And she passed from Mani' to Nazhi from Al Fudul the day they forced them at the hillside of Massel.

"And she was blessed at Al Nazhi and she became Hadbah Nazhi from Al Nazhi.  And from Al Nazhi her blood spread through the tribes." 

The Hadbah al-Nazhi, or as it is now written, Hadbah Enzahi descend in Egypt from the root mare Venus "Shekra Zafra" (she was also known by other names), who was bred by the Shammar tribe and imported into Egypt by Hassan abu-Amin's Agha in 1895.  Her daughter Hadba produced the two mares Bint Hadba El Saghira and Gamila, from which are descended two families or branches of the strain.  From the former came the outstanding broodmare Samiha (by Samhan) which produced Bint Samiha by Kazmmen.  Bint Samiha bred to Mansour gave Nazeer, the stallion that udoubtedly has had more influence on the Egyptian line within the past thirty years than any other single individual. 

Years ago, it was an unforgettable sight to see Nazeer prance out of his shaded box stall into the bright October sun, quite unmindful of his twenty-five years.  Majestically scanning the palm-fringed blue horizon before trumpeting a love call to his mares, he posed beneath an arched trellis of bright pink bougainvillea, a vision in white elegance, the classic Arabian personified: a model to have delighted Vernet, Delacroix, Adam, or Schreyer.  One knows he understood that "beauty is it's own excuse for being." 

Nazeer put nobility in the heads of his get that marked his stock as if they had been stamped from the same mold.  Mazeer foals had athat "extra spart," the wide-eyed look of the desert, somehow native to all creatures of the sands.  Nazeer's blood not only imporved legs in general (the credit is due to his sire, Mansour, and probably to the Mimreh blood), but also produced strong toplines, tremendous shoulders and depth of girth, and appreciable substance and size, although he stood about 14.3 hands himself.  Sheik Abdul Aziz el-Sabek, Nazeer's trainer and one of the great Arabian racehorse trainers of his era thought of Nazeer as "almost perfect."  He remembered him as being "very alive and alert, a magnificent horse" when he trained him for the track.  Indeed he had been well named: "observer or director of all he oversees." 

"Double Nazeer" has become a byword in Arabian circles, and not without good reason.  As one gets farther from this Nazeer blood a vast change in type is noted and that special something he contributed could well be lost if inbreeding is not kept at a high level within some breeders' stock.  The Mansour blood was invaluable as a sire line, and the Mimreh blood cannot be retrieved through a tail female line in Egypt.  Today Nazeer get and grandget are famous the world over.  They enhance the stables of the king of Morocco, the king of Yemen, the historical Marbach Stud among others in Germany, the Babolna Stud in Hungary, the Polish State Studs, and the Tersk Stud in Russia.  They are also found in Syria, Nigeria, Australia, Canada, Britain, Bahreyn, and Arabian, as well throughout Europe and the continents of South and North America.  They are carrying on the classic tradition of the breed as estabslished in ancient and modern-day Egypt.  The primary Nazeer exports, now deceased, were: 

Stallions : United States - *RASHAD IBN NAZEER, *ANSATA IBN HALIMA, *GHALII, *MORAFIC, *TALAL, *FAKHER EL DIN, *RAMSES FAYEK, and SERENITY IBN NAZEER.  Germany - HADBAN ENZAHI, KAISOON, and GHAZALA.  Russia - ASWAN.

Mares :  United States - *BINT MONIET EL NEFOUS, *BINT EL BATAA, *ANSATA BINT MABROUKA, *ANSATA BITN ZAAFARANA, *BINT MAISA EL SAGHIRA, *BINT MAISA, *BINT NEFISAA, *BINT MONA, *ANSATA BINT BUKRA, *ANSATA BINT MISUNA, *ANSATA BINT NAZEER, *BINTE EL BATAA, *LAMIA, *SF BINT HEMMAT and *AZZAR. 

Bint Hadba also produced Bint Rustem (by Rustem), who in turn produced the mares Kahila, Salwa, and Hind, by Ibn Rabdan, and the stallions *El Akhrani and Mashour, by Nabras and Shahloul, respectively.  Hind when mated to Sheikh El Arab produced the beautiful Yosreia, who became influential in the broodban through her Nazeer daughter Shahrzada, through Farasha (Frasha by "Sid Abouhom") and through Mohga (by El Sareei).  The last named was dam of the U.S. Reserve National Champion Mare, *Nahlah.

Bint Samiha was also the dam of Shams (R.A.S.) and Samha.  Samha produced Kamla, the dam of Hadban Enzahi, "Kamel", at Marbach.  Both Shams and Kamla are very influential to this day in Egyptina, Eurpoean, and American studs through their progeny.  Samha also produced Mamdouha by Kheir who was imported to the U.S. in 1947.  She appears in Egyptian bloodlines through her daughter *Gamila, imported in utero.

Another branch was through Bint Gamila, dam of Ibn Rabdan.  Ibn Rabdan was a very elegant dark chestnut stallion who, in addition to sireing the Fabulous Four mentioned in the Saklawi group, was influential in the studs of Prince Kemal el-Dine, Prince Mohammed Ali, Insahss and the Royal Agricultural Society.  A commanding stallion of good size with a long supple neck, he regularly passed these qualities to his offsprings.  The Egyptians have returned to Ibn Rabdan blood by making close-up crosses to him in their pedigrees, particularly through Shahloul and Hamdan. 

Another son of Bint Gamila's was Baiyyad (by Mabrouk Manial) who was overshadowed by Ibn Rabdan in the stud.  He was the sire of *Bint Bint Sabbah and Samha.  No female descendants of the Gamila branch survive in tail female: thus the strain carries on through the other branch. 

"Authentic Arabian Bloodstock" by Judith Forbis