Al Saqlawiyat - Saklawi

(En attendant de vous faire une traduction, je post cet article très intéressant en anglais)

ARABIAN STRAINS

Their Origins and Modern Descendants
by Judith Forbis

Al Saqlawiyat - Saklawi
(Saklawi, Seglawi, Seglaoui, etc.)

 Saqlawi - (masculine form)
Saqlawiyah -  (feminine form)
Saqlawiyat - (plural)

The following  is taken from the book, "Authentic Arabian Bloodstock," by Judith Forbis and is published here through the
generosity of the author.  For an extensive understanding of the subject, it is suggested that the book is read in it's entirety.
                It is also one of the most valuable books on Arabian Horses for your library.


The Saqlawi are listed as the third preference among all the strains documented in the Abbas Pasha manuscript.

The name apparently derives from saqla - meaning a kick.  It is said there was an old Kuhayla Ajuz mare among the Khamsa and she was "a saqla mare," meaning while galloping she kicked her heels in the air.  And so the strain was named after her, Saqlawiya.

GENERALIZATION OF CHARACTERISTICS :
Most distinguishing characteristics: feminine grace and elegance.  The ideal Saqlawi represents beauty and refinement in the extreme.  Feminine in appearance, they are of equal endurance to the Kuhaylan strains.  Lighter in weight and leaner in frame than the Kuhaylan, they are not as strong in the hindquarters, tending to be a bit "light behind," with a tendency to stand under slightly.  They are very high-spirited and are natural show horses.  They have also succeeded admirably on the race track.

The tendency to white markings (blazes, stockings, etc.). comes up through the Saqlawi lines.

 

Raswan noted a preponderance of chestnuts with flaxen manes among this strain; more greys in the Kuhaylan.  This is also true among the Moniet family today.

 

HEADS :  Longer and slightly narrower than the Kuhaylan.  Longer foreface (eye to muzzle), somewhat resembling the beautiful desert racing camel's head in proportion.  Very fine muzzle (the teacup muzzle).  Eyes are large, dark and placed lower in the skull than in the Kuhaylan.  Nostrils are extremely fine.  Skin and hair very silky.

 

NECK :  Longer than the Kuhaylan but in proportion to a longer body.  Well-shaped and slender, and carried high.

 

GENERAL CONFORMATION :  Overall, they are well balanced with good height.  They are longer-backed than the Kuhaylan and have strong level toplines with high tail carriage.  They are very fine boned and are lighter in bone than the Kuhaylan.

THE STRAIN OF SAKLAWI JEDRAN IBN SUDAN
Aly Bey Shamashirgi wrote the following in the Abbas Pasha manuscript:

 

"In the presence of the majless of the sheiks of Shammar, and in the presence of Nasr al-Sohaymi, the Sheik of Onayzah of the people of Al Qasim, and in the presence of a large number of people, Talal ibn-Rashid and Obeid ibn-Rashid questioned Talal ibn-Ramal about Al Saklawiyat, his horses.  And Talal ibn-Ramal is an old man, well advanced in years.  And he replied: 

 

"The strain of Al Saklawiyat belonged to my father, and our first white-haired men of the tribe told me about the history.  And I, O Talal ibn-Ramal, my hair has become white, and I will tell you like the first ones told me...."

 

And Talal ibn-Ramal was asked:  "How did Al Jedraniyah pass to Ibn Jedran; from where did Al Jedraniyah originally pass to Ibn Jedran?"

 

And Talal ibn-Ramal answered at the gathering;  "These are mubti sayings-from the old times-but we heard from our first grandfathers that the origin of Al Jedraniyah is Kuhaylah Ajuz from among Al Khamsa, from the time of Al Sahaba.  [Al Sahaba means the friends and first followers of the Prophet Mohammed, ed.]  And the Kuhaylah was 'awdah, a saqla mare ['Awdah means an old or aged brood mare while saqla means kick.]  And the Saklawi strain was named after her, a saqla Kuhaylah mare.  And Saklawi is a name. 

 

"And the Saklawiyah originally passed to Ibn Jedran from one of two tribes; either from al Dafeer or from AI'Issa.  This is what we have heard from the first ones." 

 

Abbas Pasha was not alone in his quest for the Saklawiyat, for this had also been a favored strain among the Arabs.  Fortunately for the Egyptians Abbas Pasha acquired the largest and best collection ever assembled under one roof, and today we have many descendants of these original horses to work with.

 

Prince Mohammed Ali Remarked in his book Breeding Purebred Arab Horses;  "I have found as a result of my many experiments that horses of the strain of Saklawi Jedran were the most courageous.  A Saklawi will fight for his master, and.... will charge a gun, a lion, and even a locomotive if put to it."  The Egyptian pedigrees of the late 1800's are filled with names of Saklawi Jedran stallions.  Prince Ahmed Kermal Pasha had several superb old Saklawi stallions who, along with the Ali Pasha and Abbas Pasha horses such as Wazir and Zobeyni, were responsible for the high quality studfarms. 

 

The stallion which is counted most often in modern pedigrees, however, is Mesaoud, whose influence at the Crabbet Stud was profound.  Bred by Ali Pasha Sherif, Mesaoud was purchased from him by the Blunts in 1889.  On the auspicious occasion of his arrival all the necessary precautions were taken by Zeyd, the Blunts' Muteyr bedouin assistant, to see that the evil eye was averted from the horse.  Avoiding well-traveled routes, Zeyd brought Mesaoud, Khatila, and Merzuk through the desert to Sheykh Obeyd and sacrificed a lamb on the threshold of the garden, completing the ceremony by sprinkling blood on the foreheads of the three horses. 

 

Wilfrid Scawen Blunt commented that Mesaoud's dam, the grey Yemameh, was "a very splendid mare with the finest head in the world," and his sire was the celebrated Dahman Shahwan, Aziz.  Mesaoud was shipped to England along with the other lot of horses in 1891, and written up in the Crabbet Arabian herdbook as "a bright chestnut with four white feet and blaze, a mark of white under the chin, also group of white specks under jowl.  Beautiful head and ears, very find shoulder, great depth in front of the girth, powerful quarter, large hocks and knees, and remarkably deep cut sinews.  Very fine mover, fast walker, and trotter.  Tail set on very high and carried magnificently.  Dark line along back.  HT. 14.2 - 1/2, girth 69", below knee 7 3/4 inches."

 

As a show horse, Mesaoud won first prize at the Crystal Palace in 1896, 1897 and 1898, and fourth prize at the International Horse Show in Paris in 1900.  He was sold in June 1903 to Wladislas Klinewski, "a Niezdow pres Opole Royaume de Pologne de Russie," for 240 guineas, and taken to Russia in July, a few days after the sale of July 4, 1904.

 

One of the most valued lines for producing extreme "elite" refinement is the line to Horra, a beautiful white Ali Pasha Sherif mare and own sister to celebrated Wazir.  Her dam, Ghazieh, also white, was an original Abbas Pasha mare.  Lady Anne Blunt was particularly attached to this family and tried to buy the fabulous white stallion Amir (by Aziz) from the Pasha, but she would not pay the Pasha's price.  So taken was she by this magnificent horse that she described him as "the white Seglawi Jedran of Ibn Sudan... his head is perfection... his pedigree is the very best of the best, and he is really lovely... perfect except light of bone."  The latter she did not believe would be inherited by his progeny, it being a consequence of the conditions under which the horses were reared, and she had proven it easily correctable. 

 

The two most outstanding female descendants of Horra were the "very fine" Bint Horra (dam of the Inshass mare Gazieh Bint Bint Horra), and Helwa (by Shueyman by Jerboa) dam of Johara, and the very special Bint Helwa (by Aziz) better known as "the broken-legged mare," whom Lady Anne placed first in the Sheykh Obeyd herdbook.  Colonel Spencer Borden wrote of Bint Helwa that "were it not for her injury she would be a beauty; pure white, with a head such as Schreyer would seek as a model."  She was foaled in 1887 and purchased from Ali Pasha Sherif on December 14, 1896, for L80 (english pounds) with her filly foal about six months old by Ibn Sherara (Ghazala "Bint Bint Helwa, " later known as *Ghazala El Beida).  Bint Helwa's sire, Aziz, was described by Lady Anne Blunt in 1897 as "looking glorious" when he was ridden out before her.  Helwa's pedigree was straight Abbas Pasha stock.

The *Ghazala Family :
Col. Spencer Borden purchased *Ghazala El Beida for L200 (English pounds) direct from Sheykh Obeyd in Egypt.  Before her departure, however, this mare provided Egypt with the filly Ghadia, foaled March 3, 1904, sired by the Jallabi stallion, Feysul of Ali Pasha Sherif.  The filly was noted as "a first-class foal" by Lady Anne, who retained her and her half-sister by Jamil, named Jemla.  Ghadia was later known as Radia "Ghadia," and became a celebrated mare for the Royal Agricultural Society as did her daughter Zarifa (Zareefa), by Sahab, foaled in 1911 - "a very beautiful filly - the most lovely in the world."  She was to become influential in the Inshass herd of King Fouad and King Farouk. 

 

*Ghazala Family - the Radia branch
The Ghadia (Radia line was to become one of the most treasured producers for the R.A.S.  When Ghadia was bred to the handsome Mabrouk Manial, Bint Radia resulted.  When crossed with Ibn Rabdan, Bint Radia produced the Fabulous Four: Shahloul, the head stallion at the R.A.S. for many years; his full brother, Hamdan, senior stallion for Inshass; Radwan, who went to the Agricultural Department of Cairo University; and Samira, who was judged the most beautiful Arabian mare in Egypt during an annual agricultural show in Cairo.  *Ghazala's descendants generally raced well and many had an excellent way of going, good trotting action, and appreciable size, height, and substance, as well as overall elegance, long necks and very extreme heads.

 

Samira when bred to Balance produced Zaafarana, a mare of exceptional quality and action.  She became the dam of such winning racehorses as Ziada (Amrulla), El Barrak (Farfour), and the American import *Talal (who raced as Johnny Boy).  *Talal was a crowd pleaser wherever shown and achieved U.S. National Top Ten halter status in 1969 for his owners, Kline Arabians.  *Talal's full sister, *Ansata Bint Zaafarana, was imported by Ansata Arabian Stud as a yearling and remained unshown until she was fifteen years old, when she made her show ring debut.  She easily won Champion Mare and Most Classic Arabian of the show.

 

The following  chapters are composed of an exclusive pictorial history.
     Bint Radia Family - Samira branch 
     Radia Family - Zam Zam branch

 

*Ghazala Family - Descendants of Serra
Another line to this strain is preserved through the Babson import *Bint Serra, dame of the white monarch Fay El Dine, one of the most ideal Saklawi stallions.  He exemplified the Saklawi type and even in old age he brought to mind Prince Mohammed Ali's description of the Saklawi.  His full brother, the "Black Beauty," Fa Serr, was the exact opposite in type, however, taking more after his sire, *Fadl (a Jellabi), than his dam.  Of masculine appearance, but not lacking in elegance, Fa Serr won the Chicago International Grand Championship at halter in 1955, then one of the largest shows in the country.  Mr. Babson was the first American Egyptian breeder to experiment with breeding full brother to full sister, which he did in mating Fa Serr to Fa Deene.  The results was the striking, prepotent grey stallion Ibn Fa Serr, a credit to the breed and testimony to Mr. Babson's foresight. 

 

A particularly beautiful mare of the Saklawi strain was *Maamouna, imported by J.M. Dickinson but unfortunately she left no straight Egyptian descendants to carry on.  In Egypt the *Ghazala line descends through Zaafarana's progeny and Zamzam and her progeny.  In America it is preserved through *Ansata Bint Zaafarana, *Hayam, and some female descendants of *Bint Serra.  There are also numerous lines to Gulnare through Gulastra. 

 

Roga El Beda Family - Descendants of Dalal
Another line to the Saklawi Jedran strain comes through Roga El Beda, a celebrated mare of Ali Pasha Sherif.  From Roga have descended the mares Sada and Dalal.  *Bint Saada came to America in the Babson importation and contributed, in America, the stallion Fadaan (by *Fadl), but unfortunately she died without leaving any female progeny to carry on, and nothing from Saada remains in Egypt.  Dalal, however, has left her mark through her progeny in the Inshass herd, and in the R.A.S./E.A.O. through Khafifa,  dam of Medallela.  Medallela was bred to Sheikh El Arab and got the mares El Bataa and Wanisa.  The bay El Bataa produced three fillies by Nazeer; the black *Bint El Bataa, imported by Gleannloch, and *Ansata Bint Nazeer (Fulla), imported by Ansata Arabian Stud.  Wanisa went on to produce Moniet El Nefous, whose bloodlines figure prominently throughout the world today.

 

A bright chestnut with a faint star and a few tiny white hairs on the face, Moniet was an ideal Saklawiya mare.  She was living proof that "the beauty of the universe is unfolding, as it should." 

 

Moniet's three daughters, Mabrouka, Mona and Lubna, all by Sid Abouhom, admirably carried on her line in Egypt.

 

Two of her most beautiful daughters were by Nazeer:  Maya, the exquisite grey filly, died young, but the incomparable *Bint Moniet El Nefous was imported to America by Richard Pritzlaff, where she graced his picturesque New Mexico ranch.  She was a prolific producer for him, and was considered by many to be the most like her dam of all Moniet's daughters.

 

Four sons of Moniet were also imported to America:  *Fakher El Din by Nazeer, *Soufian by Alaa El Din, *Tuhotmos by El Sareei, and *Ibn Moniet El Nefous by *Morafic, the latter winning U.S. Top Ten at halter in 1971.  Moniet's blood now permeates worldwide breeding programs through her grandchildren, and without question she will go down in history as she was one of the breed's most influential broodmares.  The chestnut mares Mabrouka and Mona possessed their mother's unmistakable head and quality, and they in turn passed these qualities to their offsprings. 

 

Mabrouka began her career as a broodmare with her son, *Morafic.  A spectacular white horse of extremely elegant type, he made history as an outstanding sire.  His influence is felt thoughout the world.  After he was imported by Douglas Marshall to head the Gleannloch breeding program, *Morafic became a champion at halter and park performance under the capable hands of trainer Tom McNair.  *Morafic sons, daughters and descendants have won championships and U.S. National awards with amazing regularity, and they are in demand as breeding stock the world over.

 

Mabrouka produced an equally beautiful daughter, *Ansata Bint Mabrouka, who was imported by the Ansata Stud as a yearling.  A classic grey filly with a long neck and great black eyes, she surpassed her mother in quality and beauty.  She too became a champion when shown.  Her first colt, Ansata Abbas Pasha, by her stable mate  *Ansata Ibn Halima, was named in honor of Abbas Pasha.  He was used as an outcross at the Babson Stud, nicking admirably with the inbred Babson stock.  He was later sold to Jarrell McCracken of Bentwood Farm, Waco, Texas.  In 1979, at age 15, he was named the Reserve European Champion Stallion at the Salon du Cheval in Paris, France.  He later stood at stud in Europe.  His son, Sherif Pasha, subsequently won the World Championship at this prestigious show. 

 

*Ansata Bint Mabrouka's second son, Ansata Ibn Sudan, was named for the famous bedouin breeder, Ibn Sudan, whose strain name he bears.  An exceptional individual, "Sudan" was shown to championships early in his career.  He became 1969 U.S. National Top Ten in halter as a four-year-old, together with his father *Ansata Ibn Halima, a rare event in the Arabian show world.  In 1971, competing against 83 champion stallions, Sudan became the first U.S. National Champion Stallion of straight Egyptian bloodlines.  Thus he combined the best of the past: the Dahman strain through his father, *Ansata Ibn Halima, and the Saklawi through his mother *Ansata Bint Mabrouka - the very strains beloved by Assab Pasha remaining just as precious to this day.

 

Because of the desirability of inbreeding superior stock to fix type, it seemed worthwhile to try inbreeding *Morafic and his full sister, *Ansata Bint Mabrouka.  The result was Ansata Shah Zaman, aptly translated "king of the age."  A bold and elegant stallion, champion Shah Zaman proved to be a most valued sire.  He was living proof that inbreeding can be safe and desirable when the choicest and most robust stock is used.

 

Another closely bred stallion of this line was *Ibn Moniet El Nefous, bred in Egypt and imported to the U.S. as a yearling.  An elegant white horse of great charisma and bold character, he stood taller than most of this family.  He proved to be an excellent foundation sire for Jarrell McCracken who built the Bentwood breeding program.

 

The following chapters in the book, Authentic Arabian Bloodstock, are compiled exclusively of extensive pictorial representations of the members of these families. 

     Dalal Family - Wanisa branch
     Moniet Family
     *Bint Moniet El Nefous branch
     Sons of Moniet El Nefous
     Moniet Family - Mabrouka branch
     Moniet Family - Mona branch
     Moniet Family - Lubna branch
     Medellela Family - El Bataa branch

"Authentic Arabian Bloodstock" by Judith Forbis

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